7. Other aspects


 Other aspects

Other aspects to consider besides the use of patients’ personal data are the protection of IP generated in exploiting these data: Berne Convention for the protection of literary and artistic works, the European Patent Convention (EPC), Directive 96/9 EC (legal protection of databases), Directive 2016/943 (protection of trade secrets) and Directive 2019/790 (copyright and related rights in the Digital Single Market).

A note of caution: With major companies like Facebook and Apple moving into digital health, critics question whether existing regulations are comprehensive enough [1].


[1] Sharon T (July 2020). "Blind-sided by privacy? Digital contact tracing, the Apple/Google API and big tech's newfound role as global health policy makers". Ethics and Information Technology. 23 (Suppl 1): 45–57. doi:10.1007/s10676-020-09547-x. PMC 7368642. PMID 32837287.