9. Tissue engineered medicines

These products contain cells or tissues that have been engineered (modified) so they can be used to repair, regenerate or replace tissue. Most tissue engineered products are cell-based, i.e. they use somatic cell therapy to build replacement tissue.

An example of a tissue engineered product is artificial skin which is used to treat patients with severe burns. Research into tissue engineered medicines is currently looking at cartilage, bone, nerve tissue, corneas and heart muscle.

Sometimes the term ‘tissue engineered medicine’ is used to mean a combined medicine.